Many people are concerned that a significant portion of their estates will be consumed by federal estate tax. Federal estate and gift taxes are really a single tax on the value of property transferred from one person to another. The gift tax applies to transfers during life and the estate tax to transfers on death. Estate and gift tax rates are high. However, very few gifts and estates are actually taxed because of generous exemptions, exclusions, and deductions. The Estate Tax Lifetime Estate and Gift Tax Exemption Each individual is entitled to transfer a certain dollar value of property without any estate (or gift) tax liability. The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 doubled the estate tax exemption to approximately $11 million. The exemption is indexed for inflation and is expected to rise each year. In 2025, the exemption will be cut in half to its 2017 level unless Congress enacts a new law. The amount of the exemption is reduced by any taxable gifts you have made during your life. Because of the exemption, less than .1 percent of estates will be subject to estate tax. That translates into fewer than two thousand estates per year.
On January 6, 2021, the SBA issued interim final rules (“IFRs”) regarding the implementation of section 311 of the Economic Aid to Hard-Hit Small Businesses, Nonprofits, and Venues Act (the Economic Aid Act). The Economic Aid Act authorizes the SBA to guarantee loans under the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP), which was established under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act. The Economic Aid Act adds a second temporary program to SBA’s 7(a) Loan Program titled, “Paycheck Protection Program Second Draw Loans.” The SBA may guarantee loans under the PPP Second Draw Program under generally the same terms and conditions available under to borrowers through March 31, 2021 (“Second Draw PPP Loans”) that previously received a PPP loan (“First Draw PPP Loans”) and have used or will use the full amount of the initial PPP loan for authorized purposes on or before the expected date of disbursement of the Second Draw PPP Loan. The key differences between First Draw PPP Loans and Second Draw PPP Loans are described in the IFR, which explains the loan terms, eligibility requirements, and application process for Second Draw PPP Loans. The last day to apply for and receive a PPP loan is March 31, 2021.